Map of U.S. Government Agencies Flag

The interrelationships of U.S. Government agencies are quite complex, as evidenced by the diagram below. Responsibility for food safety is fragmented. For example, a cow is split between two agencies - the USDA inspecting her meat, and the FDA regulating her milk! Agencies are all too willing to "pass the buck" if there is the slightest question of responsibility.

Since the formation of PARA in 1997, and the publication of websites detailing the possible connection between MAP and Crohn's disease, much has happened in the government arena in several countries.  (Visit our Governments Overview page for detailed information.)  PARA commends the Governments of the world that are beginning to address the MAP problem. The UK is leading the way on the Food Safety Issue, while other countries, including the U.S. are failing to exert the precautionary principle on this issue.  

The comprehensive research agenda of NIAID (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases) and the Working Document Potential Infectious Causes of Crohn's Disease from CDC, pave the way for other agencies responsible for human health and food safety to exercise the precautionary principle and take immediate action to protect the public.

The diagram below shows the interrelationships between various U.S. government agencies and private organizations.  We would encourage you to visit the pages devoted to each of these agencies to learn more about the "Government Breakdown".    

Map of Government Agencies Involved with Health & Food Safety
AbbreviationAgency Name
DHHS Department of Health and Human Services
NIH National Institutes of Health
CDC Centers for Disease Control
FDA Food & Drug Administration
CFSAN Center for Food Safety And Applied Nutrition
CVM Center for Veterinary Medicine
USDA United States Department of Agriculture
ARS Agricultural Research Service
FSIS Food Safety & Inspection Service
NJWG National Johne's Working Group
USAHA United States Animal Health Association
EPA Environmental Protection Agency

Source:   Contact PARA:
Paratuberculosis Awareness & Research Association, 1999-2003.