Effects of clarithromycin and rifabutin alone and in combination on intracellular and extracellular replication of Mycobacterium avium
The combined effect of clarithromycin and rifabutin against Mycobacterium avium multiplying either within human monocyte-derived macrophages or extracellularly in a liquid medium was additive: both MICs and MBCs were twofold lower for the combination than they were for each drug alone. Prolonged exposure for 4 weeks of M. avium-infected macrophages to combined concentrations that were only twofold greater than the MICs resulted in a 100-fold decrease in the number of viable bacteria, while in the drug-free controls a 100-fold or greater increase in comparison with the initial viable counts took place. Comparison of this effect with the results of the prolonged exposure to each drug alone suggested that under these experimental conditions rifabutin enhanced the antimicrobial activity of clarithromycin against intracellular bacteria. At the same time, inhibition of intracellular growth by a 2-h pulsed exposure of the infected macrophages to the combination of the two drugs was not different from the effect induced by clarithromycin alone. In conclusion, clarithromycin played the major role in the antimicrobial activity of the tested combination, while rifabutin may have enhanced this effect during a prolonged exposure of the intracellular bacteria to these two agents.
THIS RESEARCH IS RELEVANT TO THE TREATMENT REGIMEN USED WITH CROHN'S PATIENTS.
Source: http://www.crohns.org/articles/1994_12_2738-42_aac.htm Contact PARA: http://www.crohns.org/contact.htm
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