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ABSTRACT

Am J Gastroenterol 1994 Apr;89(4):513-8

Antimycobacterial therapy in Crohn's disease: results of a controlled, double-blind trial with a multiple antibiotic regimen

Prantera C, Kohn A, Mangiarotti R, Andreoli A, Luzi C
Department of Gastroenterology, Ospedale Nuovo Regina Margherita, Rome, Italy

Several recent reports have suggested an association of atypical mycobacteria with Crohn's disease. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was to determine the efficacy of treatment with antimycobacterial drugs in maintaining clinical remission and in reducing active inflammatory lesions. METHODS: Forty patients (15 male) with refractory, steroid-dependent Crohn's disease were randomized to receive 2 months of tapering steroids plus either a 9-month regimen of ethambutol, clofazimine, dapsone and 1-day dose only of rifampicin (n = 22), or identical placebo. RESULTS: Three patients (two on active drug) were unable to discontinue steroids, and one patient on active drug was withdrawn for side effects during the first 2 months. Three of the remaining 19 patients on active drug relapsed during the study period, compared with 11 of 17 on placebo (log likelihood ratio = 4.6; p = 0.03). Another patient was withdrawn in remission at 5 months for anemia related to dapsone. Nine patients whose disease relapsed or persisted on placebo were crossed over to active drug; five achieved sustained remission, two failed, and two were withdrawn for side effects. Substantial endoscopic or radiologic healing did not occur. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that the treatment regimen with rifampicin, ethambutol, clofazimine, and dapsone is effective in relief of symptoms and maintenance of remission in some Crohn's disease patients


PARA's SUMMARY

IN THIS PAPER, TREATMENT WITH MULTIPLE ANTIBIOTICS, SOMEWHAT ACTIVE AGAINST MYCOBACTERIA, WAS EFFECTIVE IN TREATING CD AND MAINTAINING REMISSION. THIS IS AN OLDER PAPER AND MUCH BETTER ANTI-MAP DRUGS ARE AVALIABLE NOW.


Source: http://www.crohns.org/articles/1994_04_513-8_ajg.htm   Contact PARA: http://www.crohns.org/contact.htm
Paratuberculosis Awareness & Research Association