Experimental disease in infant goats induced by a Mycobacterium isolated from a patient with Crohn's disease. A preliminary report.
Pilot studies were done to assess the pathogenicity of a Mycobacterium which had been recovered from the diseased ileum of a patient with Crohn's disease. In four separate studies, pairs of infant goats served as subjects. One of each pair received an oral inoculum of freshly harvested Mycobacterium species strain Linda suspended in cream. A littermate or stablemate which received only cream served as control. Necropsies were done at three, five, six, and 10 months postinoculation. Each of the four inoculated animals developed segmental granulomatous disease of the ileum or ileum and more proximal segments of small intestine, and regional lymph nodes. The earliest lesion occurred in Peyer's patches of the ileum and consisted of granulomatous clusters of epithelioid cells and giant cells, without caseation, which often occurred in a mantle of lymphocytes between the germinal centers and the muscularis mucosae. Nine of 10 such granulomas were free of acid-fast bacilli. In more advanced lesions, there was confluence of granulomas and ulceration of the mucosal surface. Two of the four inoculated animals also had lymphocytic lymphangitis in affected segments. Although the Mycobacterium Linda was recovered from intestinal segments of all four animals, acid-fast bacteria were not demonstrable in the intestines in two of them. Control animals remained free of lesions and acid-fast bacilli and were negative by bacteriologic culture. The Mycobacterium species strain Linda represents an enteric pathogen capable of inducing granulomas of the distal small intestine of susceptible species. The lesions produced have distinct similarities to those occurring in Crohn's disease.
MYCOBACTERIA ISOLATED FROM CD INTESTINES ARE ABLE TO CAUSE CD-LIKE DISEASE WHEN INOCULATED INTO INFANT GOATS. THIS FULFILLS KOCH POSTULATE FOR TRANSMISSION AND IDENTIFICATION OF AN INFECTION AGENT. KOCH POSTULATES IS THE HALLMARK FOR CONCLUSIVE IDENTIFICATION OF A DISEASE CAUSED BY AN INFECTIOUS AGENT. MYCOBACTERIA FROM CD INTESTINES CAUSES CROHN'S DISEASE
Source: http://www.crohns.org/articles/1986_12_1351-60_dds.htm Contact PARA: http://www.crohns.org/contact.htm
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